What exactly is a Thyroid?
At the front of our neck, there is a tiny gland called the thyroid that resembles a butterfly. It is situated next to the windpipe just below Adam’s apple (trachea).
The thyroid consists of two halves that are typically referred to as “lobes.” An isthmus, or a band of thyroid tissue, connects these lobes.
Exactly what does the thyroid do?
The primary function of the thyroid is to control our body’s metabolism.
It helps break down food so that it can be converted into energy, which is then used by our body to carry out daily tasks.
Your doctor may have occasionally mentioned that each person’s metabolism is unique and can range from slow to fast.
This is because food fuels the body, and the number of food fuels each body at a different rate, determining whether the body has a slow or fast metabolism.
The thyroid is first found at the tongue’s back.
The thyroid moves from the back of the tongue to the front of the neck during foetal development and after birth.
The term “lingual thyroid” refers to the thyroid when it remains in some cases at the back of the tongue even after birth.
How does thyroid function impact metabolism?
The thyroid gland regulates our body’s metabolism with the aid of thyroid hormones.
These thyroid hormones are released and draw iodine from the blood before incorporating it into thyroid hormones.
This is why it is acknowledged that thyroid cells are special in that they specialise in absorbing and using iodine.
The thyroid is essential for metabolism in every cell of the body.
The pituitary and hypothalamus work together to regulate the thyroid.
The hypothalamus is responsible for secreting TSH Releasing Hormones when thyroid hormone levels fall too low.
The pituitary gland responds by producing thyroid-stimulating hormones as a result.
Triiodothyronine and thyroxine are the two primary thyroid hormones known as T3 and T4. 80% of T4 and 20% of T3 are generally produced by the thyroid.
Once more, the thyroid not only aids in metabolism but also the production of calcitonin, which aids in the regulation of blood calcium levels.
Thyroid hormone receptors are found in a large number of our body cells, making it simpler to affect metabolism.
Using fat metabolism as an example, thyroid hormones aid in the burning of body fat. The body is given more energy as a result.
Additionally, this impact on fat metabolism causes an increase in basal metabolic rate (BMR).
This suggests that you will burn fat even if you are not exercising.
The thyroid hormones also support the metabolism of carbohydrates. Therefore, thyroid hormones also promote the synthesis of glucose.
How can one tell if their thyroid is not working properly?
TPOab, or thyroid peroxidase antibodies, are a class of molecules that aid in determining whether or not the thyroid gland is operating normally.
The degree of this molecule’s presence suggests that thyroid dysfunction, or an autoimmune disorder, may be present.
Is it possible to achieve normal thyroid hormone levels?
The only thing you need to watch out for is making sure your diet contains the proper amount of iodine.
This only applies if your body’s thyroid hormone levels are outside of the normal range.
Common thyroid conditions include:
- Unaccompanied Thyroid Nodules
- Breast Cancer
You must ensure that the following tests are performed in order to be safe and protected from developing any of the thyroid disorders mentioned:
- TSH Exam
- Testing at the T3 and T4 levels using the RIA method (radioimmunoassay)
- Test for Thyroid Antibodies
- THR Test (thyroid releasing hormone)
- Thyroid sonography
- Thoracic Scan (radioactive iodine uptake test)
The thyroid hormone is crucial for metabolism. The thyroid gland produces hormones that control how the body functions on a daily basis.
However, any imbalance in the thyroid hormone levels can have a negative impact on one’s health and well-being.
If you have any questions about the thyroid, its symptoms, its effects, or its function in the body’s metabolism, get in touch with our team of health professionals at Path Labs in Amritsar.
With their best insights, our experts will be able to give you the appropriate knowledge.
Additionally, you can learn more about thyroid disease, its diagnosis, treatment, and potential side effects.